an ancient country corresponding to Northern Persia; was inhabited by a people of Scythian origin, who adopted the Aryan speech and manners, and subsequently yielded much to Greek influence; after being tributary successively to Assyria, Media, Persia, Alexander the Great, and Syria, they set up an independent kingdom in 250 B.C. In two great contests with Rome they made the empire respect their prowess; between 53 and 36 B.C. they defeated Crassus in Mesopotamia, conquered Syria and Palestine, and inflicted disaster on Mark Antony in Armenia; the renewal of hostilities by Trajan in A.D. 115 brought more varied fortunes, but they extorted a tribute of 50,000,000 denarii from the Emperor Macrinus in 218. Ctesiphon was their capital; the Euphrates lay between them and Rome; they were over thrown by Ardashir of Persia in 224. The Parthians were famous horse-archers, and in retreat shot their arrows backwards often with deadly effect on a pursuing enemy.

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Parthĭa — (Parthyēne), Landstrich in Asien; begrenzt von Hyrkanien, Arien, Karmanien u. Medien; umfaßte den südwestlichen Theil des j. Khorasan, Kohestan u. einen Theil der großen Salzwüste; die Gebirge an den Grenzen waren: in Osten Masdoranos, in Norden… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Parthia — [pär′thē ə] ancient country in SW Asia, southeast of the Caspian Sea Parthian adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Parthia — Infobox Former Country native name = Ashkâniân (اشکانیان) conventional long name = Parthian Empire common name = Parthia| continent = moved from Category:Asia to the Middle East region = Middle East, Central Asia, and Western Asia country = Iran… …   Wikipedia

  • Parthia — /pahr thee euh/, n. an ancient country in W Asia, SE of the Caspian Sea: conquered by the Persians A.D. 226; now a part of NE Iran. * * * Ancient land, southwestern Asia. Corresponding roughly to modern northeastern Iran, it formed a province of… …   Universalium

  • Parthia — Die Parther (altpersisch Parθava, lat. Parthi) waren ein antikes iranisches Volk, das vom 3. Jahrhundert v. Chr. an im heutigen Iran ein Reich aufbaute, welches schließlich auch große Teile Mesopotamiens, des südwestlichen Mittelasiens und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PARTHIA — I. PARTHIA Asiae regio, perampla, ab occasu Mediâ, ab Aquilone Hyrcaniâ, ab ortu Arianâ, a meridie Carmaniae desertis terminata. Parthenen Qu. Curtius vocat. l. 6. 2. c. ubi docet Parthos Scitharum progeniem esse, quod et Dionys. testatur.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Parthia — noun a) a region in northeastern Iran b) territories corresponding to the empire ruled by dynasts from Parthia …   Wiktionary

  • Parthia — geographical name ancient country SW Asia in NE modern Iran …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Parthia — n. ancient country in western Asia that was conquered by the Persians in AD 226 (occupied the northwestern region of present day Iran) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Parthia — Par•thi•a [[t]ˈpɑr θi ə[/t]] n. anh geg an ancient country in W Asia, SE of the Caspian Sea, in what is now NE Iran …   From formal English to slang

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